Sources I reference in this blog can be found here, including a list of books and articles that are helping to shape my research.

Abernathy, P. & Foster, R. (2009, November). The news landscape in 2014: Transformed or diminished? (Formulating a game plan for survival in the digital era). Paper presented at Journalism & The New Media Ecology: Who Will Pay The Messengers? New Haven, CT.  Retrieved from:


Allan, S. (2009). Histories of citizen journalism. In S. Allan & E. Thorsen (Eds.), Citizen Journalism Global Perspectives (pp. 17-31). New York, NY: Peter Lang.


Altheide, D. (2004). Media logic and political communication. Political Communication, 21, 293-296. doi: 10.1080/10584600490481307

Altheide, D. & Snow, P. (1979). Media logic. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Alheide, D. & Snow, P. (1991). Media worlds in the postjournalism era. New York, NY: Walter de Gruyter Inc.

Basinee, O. & Marchetti, D. (2006). The economy of just-in-time television newscasting: Journalistic production and professional excellence at Euronews. Ethnography, 7, 99-123. doi: 10.1177/1466138106064588

Beers, D. (2006). The public sphere and online, independent journalism. Canadian Journal of Education, 29, 109-130. Retrieved from:

Benkler, Y. (2006). The wealth of networks. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Bird, S. E. (2009). Tabloidization: What is it, and does it really matter? In B. Zelizer (Ed.), The changing faces of journalism (pp. 40-50). New York, NY: Routledge.

Bradley, T. (2009, November). YouTube direct provides ‘citizen journalist’ clearinghouse. PC World. Retrieved from:

Bruns, A. (2007). Produsage: Towards a broader framework for user-led content creation. Proceedings of the 6th ACS ACM SIGCHI conference on creativity and cognition. doi:

Bruns, A. (2003). Gatewatching, not gatekeeping: Collaborative online news. Media International Australia, 107, 31- 44. Retrieved from:


Carey, J. (2009). Communication as culture: Essays on media and society. New York, NY: Routledge.

Carey, J. (2005). Historical pragmatism and the Internet. New Media & Society, 7(4), 443-455. doi: 10.1177/1461444805054107

Chy, H. I. (2009). Information surplus in the digital age: Impact and implications. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), Journalism and Citizenship: New agendas in communication (pp. 91-107). New York, NY: Routledge.

Coupland, D. (2009). Marshall McLuhan. Toronto, Canada: Penguin Canada.

Curran, J. & Witschge, T. (2010) Liberal dreams and the Internet. In N. Fenton (Ed.), New Media, Old News: Journalism & Democracy in the Digital Age (pp. 102-118). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.


Dahlberg, L. (2005). The internet as public sphere or culture industry? From pessimism to hope and back. International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics, 1(1), 93-96. doi: 10.1386/macp.1.1.93/3

Dahlgren, P. (2009). The troubling evolution of journalism. In B. Zelizer (Ed.), The changing faces of journalism (pp. 146-161). New York, NY: Routledge.

Davis, A. (2010). Politics, journalism and new media: Virtual iron cages in the new culture capitalism. In N. Fenton (Ed.), New Media, Old News: Journalism & Democracy in the Digital Age (pp. 121-137). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Deuze, M. (2009). Technology and the individual journalist: Agency beyond limitation and change. In B. Zelizer (Ed.), The changing faces of journalism (pp. 83-97). New York, NY: Routledge.

Deuze, M. (2007).  Media work. Cambridge, U.K.: Polity Press.

de Zuniga, H. G . (2009). Blogs, journalism, and political participation. In Z.Papacharissi (Ed.), Journalism and Citizenship: New agendas in communication (pp. 108-122). New York, NY: Routledge.

Gans, H. (2009). Can popularization help the news media? In B. Zelizer (Ed.), The changing faces of journalism (pp. 17-28). New York, NY: Routledge.

Freedman, D. (2010). The political economy of the ‘new’ news environment. In N. Fenton (Ed.), New Media, Old News: Journalism & Democracy in the Digital Age (pp. 35-50). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Friedland, L. (1996). Electronic democracy and the new citizenship. Media Cutlure Society, 18, 185-212. doi: 10.1177016344396018002002

Gillmor, D. (2009). Introduction. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), Journalism and Citizenship: New agendas in communication (pp. 1-11). New York, NY: Routledge.

Gillmor, D. (2004). We the media: Grassroots journalism by the people, for the people. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media Inc.

Gurevitch, M., Coleman, S., & Blumer, J. (2009). Political communication—old and new media relationships. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 625(1), 164-181. doi: 10.1177/0002716209339345

Habermas, J. (1991). The structural transformation of the public sphere. (T. Burger & F. Lawrence, Trans.) Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Hartley, J. (2000). Communicative democracy in a redactional society: the future of journalism studies. Journalism, 1, 39-48. doi: 10.1177/146488490000100107

Innis, H. (2004). Changing concepts of time. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.

Jenkins, H. (2006). Convergence culture: Where old and new media collide. New York, NY: New York University Press.

Jones, J. P. (2009). Believable fictions: Redactional culture and the will to truthiness. In B. Zelizer (Ed.), The changing faces of journalism (pp. 127-143). New York, NY: Routledge.

Kim, E. G. & Hamilton, J. (2006). Capitulation to capital? OhmyNews as alternative media.
 Media,Culture & Society, 28, 541-560. doi: 10.1177/0163443706065028

Lacayo, V., Obregon, R., & Singhal, A. (2008). Approaching social change as a complex problem in a world that treats it as a complicated one: The case of Puntos de Encuentro, Nicaragua. Investigación y desarrollo, 16(2), 126-158.

Lowrey, W. (2009). Institutional roadblocks: Assessing journalism’s response to changing audiences. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), Journalism and Citizenship: New agendas in communication (pp. 44-67). New York, NY: Routledge.

McPhail, W. (2010). Journalism teachers are failing their students. The Canadian Journalism Project. Retrieved from:

Meraz, S. (2009). The many faced ‘you’ of social media. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), Journalism and Citizenship: New agendas in communication (pp. 124-147). New York, NY: Routledge.

Nip, Y. (2006). Exploring the second phase of public journalism. Journalism Studies, 7(2), 212-236. doi: 10.1080/14616700500533528

Paulussen, S., Heinoen, A., Domingo, D., & Quandt, T. (2007). Doing it together: Citizen participation in the professional news making process. Observatorio Journal, 1(3), 131-154. Retrieved from:

Papacharissi, Z. (2009). The citizen is the message: Alternative modes of civic engagement. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), Journalism and Citizenship: New agendas in communication (pp. 29-43). New York, NY: Routledge.

Phillips, A. (2010). Old sources: New bottles. In N. Fenton (Ed.), New Media, Old News: Journalism & Democracy in the Digital Age (pp. 87-101). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Phillips, A., Couldry, N., and Freedman, D. (2010). An ethical deficit? Accountability, norms, and the material conditions of contemporary journalism. In N. Fenton (Ed.), New Media, Old News: Journalism & Democracy in the Digital Age (pp. 51-67). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.


Pikkert, O. (2007). Function after form: The democratic detriment of episodic television news. The McMaster Journal of Communication, 4(1), 54-61. Retrieved from:

Quinn, S. (2004). An intersection of ideals: Journalism, profits, technology and convergence. Convergence, 10, 109-123. doi: 10.1177/135485650401000409

Robinson, S. (2009). ‘If you had been with us’: mainstream press and citizen journalists jockey for the authority over the collective memory of Hurricane Katrina. New Media & Society, 11, 795-814. doi: 10.1177/1461444809105353

Rosen, J. (2006) The people formerly known as the audience. Press think. Retrieved from:

Rosen, J. (2010). The new news. Technology Review. Retrieved from:

Rutigliano, L. (2009). Mapping citizen coverage of the dual city. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), Journalism and Citizenship: New agendas in communication (pp. 189-205). New York, NY: Routledge.

Schudson, M. (2009). Factual knowledge in the age of truthiness. In B. Zelizer (Ed.), The changing faces of journalism (pp. 104-113). New York, NY: Routledge.

Shirky, C. (2008). Here comes everybody. New York, NY: Penguin Books

Sholle, D. (2005). Informationalism and media labour. International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics, 1(1), 137-141). doi: 10.1386/macp.1.1.137/3

Singhal, A., Buscell, P., & Lindberg, C. (2010). Inviting everyone: Healing healthcare through positive deviance. Bordentown, NJ: PlexusPress

Singhal, A. & Dura, L. (2009). Protecting children from exploitation and trafficking: Using the positive deviance approach in Uganda and Indonesia. El Paso, TX: Save the Children Federation Inc.

Surratt, C.G. (2001). The Internet and social change. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers.

Talgam, I. (July, 2009). Lead like the great conductors. Presented at TED Global. Retrieved from:

The Economist. (November 19, 2010). Seeking Influence. Retrieved from:

Thurman, N. (2008). Forums for citizen journalists? Adoption of user generated content initiatives by online news media. New Media & society, 10(1), 139-157. doi: 10.1177/1461444807085325

Yaros, R. A. (2009). Producing citizen journalism or producing journalism for citizens: A new multimedia model to enhance understanding of complex news. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), Journalism and Citizenship: New agendas in communication (pp. 71-90). New York, NY: Routledge.

Young, C. (2009). OhmyNews: Citizen journalism in South Korea. In S. Allan & E.Thorsen (Eds.), Citizen Journalism Global Perspectives (pp. 143-152). New York, NY: Peter Lang.


82 thoughts on “References

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